Trees are gifts from nature and they are very important to our ecosystem. This is why the planting of trees is encouraged.
Whether you have trees for beautifying the environment or you have trees for juicy fruits, you should trim and prune trees in your environment.
Why you should trim and prune trees
- To make the trees have fine and attractive shapes.
- To take out dead trees and branches.
- To ensure the preservation of the life of the tree.
- To take out dangling branches that prevent the easy passage of cars and heavy-duty vehicles.
- To ensure the good health and growth of trees.
- To maintain the structure of the tree.
- To make the environment safe, for children in particular. Children can run into dangling tree branches when playing around the neighbourhood.
- Also, to take out branches that stretch to the rooftop and those that cross boundaries.
Things to note before setting out to trim and prune trees
Before you set out to trim and prune, you should consider what you expect after the process.
This will inform you on how to cut.
- Do you want the tree or heal?
- Or do you want to completely kill the tree?
You should trim immediately branches of trees that are dead or diseased so that the disease does not spread to the whole of the tree.
We should take care to protect the trees in our environment from dying off.
The tree-cut pruning technique
This method of pruning trees has proved very helpful and effective.
Like a cut on the skin that is treated and covered with plaster to heal fast and prevent infection, the tree-cut method close-off the wound on the tree keeps out moisture and insect, and prevents wroth.
This in turn allows the tree to heal quickly, improve and enhance the health of the tree.
Another reason why you use the tree cut method is so that you take off weight from the branch, and prevent the weight of the tree to rip off the bark of the tree, thereby causing a wound on the tree.
If this happens, it will affect the proper healing of the tree.
To ensure a safe cut:
a. you move your pruning saw about 6 inches from the end of the branch, and make a mark, like a slight cut at the back of the branch. This mark will prevent the branch from affecting the tree bark when it falls off. The wound that this cut may cause, will not go beyond the initial mark that you have put behind the branch.
b. Turn to the part of the branch facing you and move about half an inch from the initial mark you had made and begin to cut the branch. At this point, you are left with the tree stump.
c. Cut the stump. Ensure that you do not cut the bark collar (this is the part of the branch that connects to the main tree branch that seems swollen). The bark collar is where your new growth will begin. If you cut this part, this may prevent the tree from ever healing.
Also, remember to repeat the process of marking the stump from behind and cutting just above the bark collar. At the point where you are almost at the end of your cut, you hold the stump and cut it off. It will prevent the stump from falling off and wounding the tree bark.
Tips for tree trimming and pruning
You may want to trim and prune your trees yourself or you may want to invite professionals.
Where you decide to do it yourself, I mean, there is no harm in trying, the following tips are noteworthy.
The Arbor Day Foundation has provided certain tips to aid in trimming and pruning trees. They called it the ABC of pruning. Let us consider them below.
a. Assess the tree and consider certain factors like the growth pace of the tree, the setting of the tree, whether it is in a place where people commute frequently or in a natural reserve. The main purpose of this assessment is to identify what part of the tree grows in a straight and upward direction.
b. Bad branches. The next thing that you do is to identify the bad branches. These could be branches that are damaged, dead or diseased.
c. Competing branches. These are bad branches that compete with the main branch
Tools for trimming and pruning
i. Loppers, pruning saw, pole saw, pruning shears, pruning saw. Ensure that the blades of your tools are sharp to do the work. You can use your chisel for blunt tool blades.
ii. You will also need a ladder, gloves, safety glass and a hard hat to protect the eyes and hair.
To conclude this article, it is worthy to say that the importance of threes in our environment cannot be overemphasized.
When next you are about to embark on the exercise of taking care of your trees, you should remember to employ the safe methods of the ABC of pruning and tree-cut pruning technique to ensure the healthy growth of your trees.